- BANCROFT, Joseph (1836-1894)
- scientistwas born at Manchester in 1836. He studied medicine and took his medical degree at St Andrews university in 1859 and later became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons. He practised at Nottingham until 1864, but finding the English climate too severe, emigrated to Queensland and arrived in Brisbane in that year. After a short holiday he began to practise in a residential quarter of Brisbane, and soon became esteemed as a physician and surgeon. In 1867 he was appointed resident surgeon at the Brisbane General Hospital and held this position for three years. He resumed practice in 1870, found himself in much demand, but contrived to do a good deal of research. He was the discoverer of the medical properties of Duboisia myoporoides, which was afterwards largely used in ophthalmic surgery. In 1872 he investigated the properties of pituri, another of the Duboisias, and discovered its nicotine contents. In 1877 he visited the East, Europe and Africa, ostensibly on holiday, but he could not refrain from studying diseases peculiar to each country. After his return Bancroft carried on a large practice and, in addition to his scientific research on medical problems, developed his interest in economic botany. He made many experiments in his endeavours to obtain a rust-proof wheat, showed great interest in viticulture and oyster culture, studied the diseases of the banana and sugar cane, and invented a preparation of pemmican or desiccated beef. The medical properties of numerous native plants were investigated; he prepared a pamphlet, Contribution to Pharmacy from Queensland, for the colonial and Indian exhibition held in London in 1886, and just before his death he was one of a sub-committee appointed by the Medical Society of Queensland to assist in the revision of the British Pharmacopoeia He made important researches in leprosy and became well known through his studies in filaria disease; he was the first to discover the mature parasite Filaria bancrofti. Of a kindly and genial disposition Bancroft was a leading scientist of his period in Queensland. He was at various times vice-president of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science, president of the Queensland Medical Board, of the Royal Society of Queensland, and the Medical Society of Queensland. He died suddenly at Brisbane on 16 June 1894 and was survived by his wife, a daughter, and a son, Dr Thomas L. Bancroft (1860-1933), who also did valuable scientific work.The Brisbane Courier, 18 June 1894; The British Medical Journal, August 1894; F. M. Burnet, The Medical Journal of Australia, 22 August 1942; Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, vol. LXVIII, p. V.
Dictionary of Australian Biography by PERCIVAL SERLE. Angus and Robertson. 1949.
Look at other dictionaries:
Joseph Bancroft — Joseph Bancroft, (21 February 1836 – 16 June 1894) was a surgeon and parasitologist born in England, who emigrated to Australia. Early lifeBancroft was born in Stretford, near Manchester, the only child of Joseph Bancroft, farmer, and his wife… … Wikipedia
Joseph Hodges Choate — For the lawyer and activist, see Joseph H. Choate, Jr.. Joseph Hodges Choate Joseph Hodges Choate, 1898 Born Salem, Massachusetts January 24, 1832 … Wikipedia
Bancroft-Filarie — Ban|croft Filarie [bạ̈ngkroft...; nach dem engl. austral. Arzt Joseph Bancroft, 1836 bis 1894]: parasitischer Wurm im Blut und Lymphgefäßsystem des Menschen (verursacht chronische Entzündungen und ↑Elefantiasis; Vorkommen vor allem in den Tropen) … Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke
Bancroftian filariasis — Ban·croft·i·an filariasis ban .krȯf tē ən , baŋ or Bancroft s filariasis .krȯf(t)s n filariasis caused by a slender white filaria of the genus Wuchereria (W. bancrofti) that is transmitted in larval form by mosquitoes, lives in lymph vessels… … Medical dictionary
History of Unitarianism — Unitarianism, both as a theology and as a denominational family of churches, was first defined and developed within the Protestant Reformation, although theological ancestors may be found back in the early days of Christianity. Later historical… … Wikipedia
Wuchereria bancrofti — Wuchereria bancrọfti [nach dem Arzt Otto Wucherer, * 1820, ✝ 1873, und dem australischen Arzt Joseph Bancroft, * 1836, ✝ 1894], zur Familie der Filarien gehörender, parasitierender Fadenwurm, der herdförmig in vielen tropischen und… … Universal-Lexikon
Нитчатка Банкрофта — ? Нитчатка Банкрофта … Википедия
List of Amherst College people — This is a list of some notable people affiliated with Amherst College.Notable alumniCollege founders and presidents*Edward Jones 1826, Principal of forerunner of Fourah Bay College (the predecessor of the University of Sierra Leone) (Africa)… … Wikipedia
List of United States political families (B) — The following is an alphabetical list of political families in the United States whose last name begins with B.The Babcocks and Weeks*Joseph Weeks (1773 1845), Clerk of Richmond, New Hampshire 1802 1822; New Hampshire State Representative 1807… … Wikipedia
Liste Des Abréviations D'auteur En Taxinomie Végétale — Cette liste ne doit pas être modifiée. Attention, si vous souhaitez ajouter une nouvelle entrée, faites le sur cette autre page à partir de laquelle cette liste est mise à jour automatiquement. Cette liste est triée par ordre alphabétique… … Wikipédia en Français